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Search for: Ravi Gupta
This study was aimed at assessment of sleep schedule, pre-sleep behavior, co-sleeping and parent's perception of sleep of school going children.
METHOD: Four schools each, from urban and rural area were included. Sleep patterns were assessed using the validated Hindi version of Childhood-Sleep-Habit-Questionnaire. Comparison was made between urban and rural group and between boys and girls. Interaction of gender, domicile and school-type was examined on the sleep patterns.
RESULTS: This study included 831 school children with mean age of 8.9 years. Nearly half of the subjects were boys in this study. Urban children outnumbered those from rural area. Total sleep time on weekdays was 8.3 h that increased to 9.5 h on weekends. Rural children spent more time in sleep than urban children on weekdays and weekends. A higher proportion of urban children felt sleepy during the day. Television watching before bedtime was more common in urban settings. Room sharing was more common among rural children. Nearly 65% rural parents as compared to 77.5% urban parents reported that their child was sleeping sufficient enough. Gender did not affect sleep-schedule and parent's perception regarding their child's sleep. Interaction between gender, domicile and school-type did not have any significant effect on sleep patterns.
CONCLUSION: Television watching before bedtime was more common among urban school children and they had shorter total sleep time. They had signs of sleep deprivation. Room sharing was more common among rural children. Despite longer sleep time, parents of rural children felt the need for more sleep.
Keywords: Children, Sleep-patterns, Co-sleeping, Pre-sleep behavior
The pineal hormone Melatonin plays an important role in the regulation of the circadian sleep/wake cycle, mood, and perhaps immune functions, carcinogensis and reproduction. The human circadian rhythm of melatonin release from the pineal gland is tightly synchronized with the habitual hours of sleep. Peri- and postmenopausal women often complain of difficulties initiating and/or maintaining sleep, with frequent nocturnal and early morning awakenings. In this review we discuss the pathophysiology of melatonin function as it relates to sleep disorders in menopausal women, highlighting the potential use of exogenous melatonin during the menopausal transition and beyond.
Keywords: Sleep; Melatonin; Aging; Circadian rhythm; Hormones; Gender; Menopause.
Background: Insomnia is a common problem, however, its prevalence has never been
examined in Indian population. Moreover, a number of psychiatric disorders
have been found to be associated with insomnia in clinical population, but
this association has scarcely been examined in general population. Conclusion: Insomnia in general population is associated with higher education,
unemployment, generalized anxiety disorders and tobacco use.
Keywords: Insomnia; Epidemiology; Prevalence; Mental Disorders